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Answering The Atheist
August 15, 2004 / Volume 4, Issue 33

Where does God dwell, in Zion (Psalm 9:11; 76:2; Joel 3:17, 21) or in heaven (Psalm 123:1; Ecclesiastes 5:2)? Is there a contradiction?

Does the Lord dwell in Zion? Absolutely. Zion is a name commonly used for Jerusalem through the Old Testament Scriptures. God had chosen Jerusalem to be His city (1 Kings 11:36; 2 Kings 21:4). The Lord had clearly said in the texts cited above and others (Zechariah 8:3) that He would dwell in Jerusalem.

Is it therefore contradictory for the Lord to also dwell in heaven? The Psalmist stated, "Where can I go from Your Spirit? Or where can I flee from Your presence? If I ascend into heaven, you are there; if I make my bed in hell, behold, You are there. If I take the wings of the morning and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea, even there Your hand shall lead me, and Your right hand shall hold me." (Psalm 139:7-10). The Psalmist speaking of the omnipresence of God He is everywhere.

The questioner deems it a contradiction that the Bible says God is both in heaven and upon the earth. The trouble is not the holy text, but the questioner's unbelief in the nature of God.

There is no contradiction.

This article is a response to Skeptic's Annotated Bible