As the Lord's parables about the kingdom continue in Matthew 13, we come to the parable of the mustard seed. It reads:
The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed, which a man took and sowed in his field, which indeed is the least of all the seeds; but when it is grown it is greater than the herbs and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and nest in its branches. (Matthew 13:31-32)
Perhaps you have noticed that the first three parables in Matthew 13 have a few things in common. They're all "kingdom parables" (the Sower does not begin with "The kingdom of heaven is like...", but it focuses on the effect the word of God (the seed of the kingdom) has on the hearts of men. Also, the first parables in Matthew 13 are all agriculture based. The sower went out to sow seed in his field. The field in which good seed was sown was attacked by an enemy who sowed tares in it. Now, a mustard seed is planted.
Is it significant that three seed-based parables are given in succession? Not likely, except that Jesus' audience would have been well acquainted with these experiences Jesus spoke of. It is likely that as He taught, one parable served as a natural opening to share the next, all on the same general topic, and yet with different lessons.
As Jesus speaks about the mustard seed, His point is not that it is the smallest seed known to man. There are smaller (ie. the orchid seed). Nor is His point that every mustard seed yields a tree large enough for birds to nest in; not all do. Of the seeds sown in first century Palestine, black mustard seed would have been the smallest, but they produced a tree standing about 12 feet tall. Jesus’ description of the seed and its tree are correct. Keep in mind, the intent of the parable is not to tell us about seeds and trees in Palestine, but to teach us about the kingdom of God.
What do we learn about the Lord's kingdom from the mustard seed? There are perhaps two levels on which this parable may be explained; individual or universal. Either way, the beginning is identified as small. The Lord's church began small, exclusive to the city of Jerusalem, but soon thereafter spread, to the point that eventually the apostle Paul, citing the words of Jesus would say that the gospel had been "...preached to every creature under heaven..." (Colossians 1:23). The Lord's church is throughout the world, crossing borders and cultures. If the Bible is available, for it is the seed planted, then the potential for growth is also present. The early church growth is quantified not just in terms of addition, but multiplication (Acts 6:1, 7; 9:31). We've got the same seed today, and the church can experience the same results they saw!
As much as growth ought to be seen in the church, it must begin in the hearts of individuals. Jesus spoke of how the word of God will affect the heart in the parable of the Sower. If we receive the word with good and honest hearts, it will grow in us as the mustard seed grows. How does it display itself? The kingdom of God will be more important in our lives than anything else. The other things that "season" who we are (Jesus refers to the herbs that the mustard tree will outgrow) will have less and less influence, but God’s word will increase more and more.
In the lives of many today, the gospel is minor; for some, even non-existent. It could be rightly said that the seed of the kingdom is to them "...the least of all the seeds..." What a great thing to know that as we labour as sowers of the good seed, it will take hold in the hearts of some, and become in them a great tree of faith, such that they become a source others may benefit from also.
Has the gospel become like a mustard seed in your life, stretching far beyond any earthly concerns or cares? Do we believe that as we give ourselves to labour in the cause of Christ, just one small seed planted can grow into a huge tree of faith to the glory of God? The Lord said it would; let's believe and do His will!
Did God separate the light from the darkness on the first day (Genesis 1:3) or on the fourth day (Genesis 1:16)? Is there a contradiction?
In Genesis 1:2, we are told that the earth was in darkness. Thus, in verse 3, the Lord spoke and said, "Let there be light." No source of light is revealed, just a contrast between light and darkness. What was the source of light? Since the sun was not created until the fourth day (Genesis 1:16), we can conclude that it was not the sun. Since the moon was not created until the fourth day (Genesis 1:16) as well, and the moon does not generate its own light (moonlight is a reflection of the sunlight off the surface of the moon), we can conclude that it was not the moon.
So, what light was spoken of in Genesis 1:3? We simply do not know. Did God Himself generate the light? The Bible does say that God is light (1 John 1:5). Revelation 21:23 and 22:5 tell us that there is no need of the sun in heaven, for God gives light there. God is able to give light, with or without the sun.
Now, to the question that has been posed - when was the light separated from the darkness? The answer is in verse 4-5:
And God saw the light, that it was good; and God divided the light from the darkness. God called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night. So the evening and the morning were the first day.
Three days later, God made the sun and the moon, but light and darkness had already been divided and identified as day and night. The two events have nothing to do with one another, except that the Sun became the light source of the day and the Moon became the light source of the night.
Parables Of Jesus
A.T.A. - Were the heavens and the earth created in three days or one day?
Parables Of Jesus
A.T.A. - What is the earth set upon?